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Forklift and Lift Truck Category Types

Sit-Down Cushion Tire Truck - IC

These lift trucks are intended to be used inside on smooth dry floors for transporting palletized loads to and from the loading dock and the storage area. The smaller capacity models are normally equipped with forks for moving, storing, or retrieving palletized loads within the warehouse or for use in loading and unloading trailers at the loading dock. The larger capacity models are typically used with clamping attachments for paper roll or appliance handling. The cushion tired forklifts are lower than an equivalent capacity pneumatic tired forklift truck. This makes the cushion tired forklift trucks more useful in low clearance applications. However, this also means they have much less ground clearance than the pneumatic tired trucks which restricts cushion tired trucks to indoor applications. This category of forklift is also defined as a Class 4 internal combustion engine truck with solid tires as per ASME B56.1.

Sit-Down Pneumatic Tire Truck - IC

These trucks make up the largest group of forklifts and lift trucks. These trucks are intended for use outdoors on unimproved terrain. They can be used in virtually any type of application and because of the large capacity range of this series of lift truck, they can be found handling small single pallet loads to loaded 40 foot containers. These lift trucks are internal combustion engine powered and are available for use with LPG, Gasoline, Diesel, and Compressed Natural Gas fuel systems. This category of forklift is also defined as a Class 5 internal combustion engine truck with pneumatic tires as per ASME B56.1.

Sit-Down 4-Wheel Truck Electric

These lift trucks can be equipped with either cushion or pneumatic tires. The cushion tired lift trucks are intended for indoor use on smooth floors and are the most common type available. The pneumatic tired models can be used in dry outdoor applications on uneven terrain. These trucks are powered by industrial batteries and use transistor motor controllers to control travel and hoist functions. This allows the operator to vary the speed of the hoist and traction motors to meet the exact needs of the application. This allows optimization of battery energy over the work shift. These are very versatile forklifts and are found from the loading dock to the storage facility. They are generally used in applications where air quality factors need to be considered over the use of an internal combustion engine forklift. This category of forklift is also defined as a Class 1 electric motor sit-down rider counter-balanced truck with solid or pneumatic tires as per ASME B56.1.

Sit-Down 3-Wheel Truck Electric

These are counterbalanced lift trucks which can be equipped with cushion or solid pneumatic tires. They are intended for indoor smooth floor applications. They are used extensively on loading docks and in staging areas to the warehouse. The three wheel 180 degree steering capability gives the lift truck a very short turning radius. This makes the forklift highly maneuverable and a good fit for loading/unloading trailers and other dock-side applications. These forklifts use smaller diameter tires and have less ground clearance than equivalent four wheel lift trucks. Newer lift trucks are being equipped with AC motors for improved reliability and lower maintenance than previous DC motor lift trucks. This category of forklift is also defined as a Class 1 electric motor sit-down rider counter-balanced truck with solid or pneumatic tires as per ASME B56.1.

Stand-Up 3-Wheel Truck Electric

These trucks are short wheelbase with 180 degree steering. They have a rear entry operator compartment and come equipped with joystick multifunction controls. The truck is highly maneuverable and a good fit for loading/unloading trailers and other dock-side applications. The stand-up operator position is advantageous when the application requires the operator to constantly get on and off the lift truck, such as floor level order picking.

Order Picker Man-Up Electric

Order Picking trucks are man-up machines. They have an elevating operator station which allows the operator to be at the same level as the goods in the racking. The Order Picker is equipped with forks for holding a pallet which the operator fills with goods from the racking according to a customer pick list. Order Pickers are normally used within rail or wire guided aisles and move up and down the aisle to access goods. While Order Pickers can handle full palletized loads, they are not normally used to store or retrieve pallet loads from racks. Some machines have decks or platforms to move larger loads like furniture, appliances, carpet, kitchen and bathroom fixtures, etc.

Low Lift Walkie/Rider Pallet Truck Electric

These are found in every segment of materials handling. With 6 inches of lift and capable of carrying two load pallets, they have a wide range of use from retail stores, distribution warehouses, to loading docks. These are pedestrian controlled where the operator is in front of the truck and controls the lift truck through a steering tiller. All controls are mounted on the top of the tiller and the tiller is moved side to side to steer the truck. These are battery powered with the smaller capacity units using automotive style batteries and the larger capacity trucks using industrial batteries.

Masted Rough Terrain Truck - IC

These machines are outfitted with a mast and come with large flotation type tires for outdoor use on un-improved terrain. They are typically used at construction sites to transport and lift building materials to various job site locations. They are also common with lumber yards and auto recyclers. They can be equipped in two wheel or four wheel drive configuration. They can have rear axle steering or in some cases they can have steerable wheels on both axles which is called "crab" steering. These machines are powered by diesel or gasoline engines and typically are equipped with powershift transmissions. This category of forklift is also defined as a Class 7 rough terrain forklift truck with pneumatic tires as per ASME B56.1.

Counter-Balanced Stacker Truck Electric

These are pedestrian controlled where the operator is in front of the truck and controls the lift truck through a steering tiller. All controls are mounted on the top of the tiller and the tiller is moved side to side to steer the truck. They have a mast mounted similar to a sit-down rider truck and the load in carried in front of the front wheels. The weight of the load is offset by the counterweight at the other end of the lift truck. These are used in racking where outriggers used with straddle trucks cannot be inserted into the racking to store and retrieve loads. These trucks can be equipped with forks and can also be equipped with a reach carriage for extending the forks into the racking.

Low Lift Walkie Pallet Truck Electric

These are found in every segment of materials handling. With 6 inches of lift and capable of carrying two load pallets, they have a wide range of use from retail stores, distribution warehouses, to loading docks. These are pedestrian controlled where the operator is in front of the truck and controls the lift truck through a steering tiller. All controls are mounted on the top of the tiller and the tiller is moved side to side to steer the truck. These are battery powered with the smaller capacity units using automotive style batteries and the larger capacity trucks using industrial batteries.

Low Lift Center Contol Rider Electric

These are similar to the pedestrian rider trucks except for the operator platform located between the load and the battery compartment. This Platform extends across the full width of the lift truck for the operator to stand on. The steering tiller is oriented toward the back of the truck and contains all controls. These trucks have 6 inches of lift and normally carry two loaded pallets.

Straddle Stacker Walkie Electric/Manual

These pedestrian controlled trucks are used indoors to store and retrieve loads from shelving or racking. With these trucks, the mast is mounted between the load wheel outriggers. To pick up a load, the load is straddled by the outriggers as the forks enter the pallet. The load is then carried between the outriggers. These trucks are a three wheel design and their short wheel base makes them very maneuverable. This makes them ideal for retail aisle operation. The self propelled trucks are controlled through a tiller handle attached directly to the power unit and steering is accomplished by moving the tiller handle from side to side. The manually propelled trucks are equipped with an electric powered lifting mechanism controlled through the tiller handle. The manually propelled trucks would not be used to transport heavy loads.

Reach Truck - 24 Inch Electric

Narrow Aisle Reach Trucks are rear entry stand up rider trucks with the mast and attachment mounted between the load wheel outriggers. These trucks are equipped with an extending forks mechanism to allow the truck to pick up and deposit full pallet loads from the racking without having to insert the outriggers into the racking. The reach attachment allows the truck to be used in narrower aisles than a Narrow Aisle Straddle truck and allows the loads to be placed closer together in the racking to maximize storage space. These trucks can be used in aisles as narrow as 8 ft. and handle loads to 40 ft. These trucks may be equipped with either a side-stance or a fore/aft operator position and have a multi-function joystick to control direction, speed, lift/lower, reach/retract, tilt, and sideshift.

Reach Truck - 42 Inch Electric

Narrow Aisle Reach Trucks are rear entry stand up rider trucks with the mast and attachment mounted between the load wheel outriggers. These trucks are equipped with an extending forks mechanism to allow the truck to pick up and deposit full pallet loads from the racking without having to insert the outriggers into the racking. The reach attachment allows the truck to be used in narrower aisles than a Narrow Aisle Straddle truck and allows the loads to be placed closer together in the racking to maximize storage space. These trucks can be used in aisles as narrow as 8 ft. and handle loads to 40 ft. These trucks may be equipped with either a side-stance or a fore/aft operator position and have a multi-function joystick to control direction, speed, lift/lower, reach/retract, tilt, and sideshift. The double reach attachment on these trucks allows the truck to be operated in a double deep rack system. The attachment can reach the second or deep pallet in the rack without having to drive the truck into the racking.

Straddle or Reach Stacker Truck Electric

These narrow aisle trucks are rear entry stand up rider trucks with the mast and attachment mounted between the load wheel outriggers. These trucks may be equipped with either a side-stance or a fore/aft operator position and have a multi-function joystick to control direction, speed, lift/lower, reach/retract, tilt, and sideshift.

Turret Truck - Man-Up Electric

These trucks have an elevating operator station which allows the operator to be at the same level as the goods in the racking. This allows the truck to be used as an order picker as well as storing and retrieving full pallet loads. These trucks are equipped with a rotating forks attachment and are intended to transport and store full pallet loads. The rotating attachment allows the truck to store or retrieve loads from both sides of the storage aisle without having to turn the truck within the aisle. When order picking, an empty pallet is placed on the forks and the pallet is then rotated and raised to the most convenient height for the operator to move goods in and out of the racking. This eliminates the need for the operator to bend over to pick and place goods from the racks to the pallet as must be done if using a standard order picker truck. Turret trucks pickup and deliver loads to transfer stations at the ends of the storage aisle where the loads would then be transported to other areas of the warehouse by other types of warehouse equipment. The truck can be used in very narrow aisle (60? wide or less) applications and can be equipped with wire or rail guidance to free the driver from steering when working in the aisle.

Turret Truck - Man-Down Electric

These trucks are rear entry with a seated operator position. The operator usually sits transverse to the direction of travel. These trucks are equipped with a rotating forks attachment and are intended to transport and store full pallet loads. The rotating attachment allows the truck to store or retrieve loads from both sides of the storage aisle without having to turn the truck within the aisle. Turret trucks pickup and deliver loads to transfer stations at the ends of the storage aisle where the loads would then be transported to other areas of the warehouse by other types of warehouse equipment. The truck can be used in very narrow aisle (60? wide or less) applications and can be equipped with wire or rail guidance to free the driver from steering when working in the aisle.

Swing Mast Rider Electric/IC

Swing Mast trucks are four wheel trucks equipped with a mast that pivots from side to side of the lift truck. This allows the truck to be used as both a standard counterbalanced lift truck when the mast is straight ahead or similar to a turret truck when the forks are rotated to either side of the aisle. This feature allows these trucks to store and retrieve loads in narrower aisles than is possible with a standard 4 wheel lift truck but they require wider aisles than turret trucks. These trucks are not normally equipped for guided aisle applications. Swing Mast trucks are available with electric power or internal combustion power. The electric powered trucks are for indoor use and the engine powered trucks are intended for outdoor use

Side Loader - Electric/IC

Sideloaders are specialty machines used for storing, retrieving, and transporting long loads. They are equipped with a mast mount in the middle of the lift truck that moves in and out to the side of the truck. This allows these trucks to be used in narrow aisles as the load is transported in the direction of the aisle. Sideloaders have a platform on either side of the mast. The load can be picked up and lowered onto these platforms for transport. These trucks are typically used in steel and wood products storage facilities. They can be either internal combustion engine powered or battery powered. Sideloaders are available with normal two wheel steering or four wheel steering for maximum maneuverability.

Telescopic Rough Terrain Truck - IC

These are also a type of rough terrain truck. They are intended for use at un-improved job sites but are equipped with a telescoping boom instead of a mast. The telescoping boom allows the truck to access areas of the job site that may not be accessible with a masted truck. These trucks use hydrostatic hydraulic motor drives instead of a normal transmission and are equipped with outriggers for increased stability when the boom is extended. This category of forklift is also defined as a Class 7 rough terrain forklift truck with pneumatic tires as per ASME B56.1.

Truck Mounted Lift - IC

The truck mounted forklift is designed to be self loading on the back of a highway trailer. This allows the lift truck to be easily transported to the jobsite. These trucks are used in retail lumber, building supply, and landscaping businesses. At the job site, the lift truck is lowered from the back of the trailer to the ground and then used to offload the materials that were transported to the site. These trucks are intended for use in rough, uneven terrain areas as would be encountered at construction sites.

Tow Tractors - Electric/IC

These can be seen in use in factories and airport ramps. They are a versatile machine that can be used in a variety of applications. These tractors can be equipped with either internal combustion engines for outdoor use or battery powered electric motors for indoor use. These tow tractors are intended to tow trains of trailers or carts.

Loaded & Empty Container Handlers - IC

Container handlers are special applications of pneumatic tired sit-down rider trucks with elevated operating compartments to allow better visibility to the operator. These trucks are high lift capacity and can be equipped with special attachments for handling 20 or 40 foot shipping containers. They can be equipped to handle either loaded or empty containers. Empty container handles are normally equipped with forks or side handling attachments. Loaded container handlers are usually equipped with a top mounted handler attachments that pick up the container are all four corners. The attachments are telescoping to allow use with all lengths of containers.

Wheel Loader - IC

Wheel loaders are large, rubber tired, internal combustion powered machines usually equipped with a bucket for transporting and loading bulk materials onto trucks or into processing equipment. Wheel loaders typically are rated by capacity in cubic yards. To compare lift capacity (in pounds) with other equipment categories, this website uses the calculation of 1 cubic yard equals 3000 pounds. These machines can be equipped with a variety of attachments such as forks or grapple arms for handling logs or other large bulky loads. Wheel loaders are usually four wheel drive (for extra traction and break-out force) and the frames may be hinged (articulated steering) for increased maneuverability.

Die Handler - Electric/IC

These are specialized lift trucks that are intended to transport and store heavy stamping dies or coils of finished steel, depending on the design of the truck. Typical applications are stamping plants and steel finishing operations. These trucks are equipped with solid tires to support the heavy loads and are intended to be used indoors in smooth floor applications

Scrubbers & Sweepers - Electric/IC

This covers the wide range of products used in plant maintenance for cleaning floors and other surfaces. The equipment ranges from small manually propelled floor scrubbers to large side down rider machines for sweeping parking lots. The machines can be battery powered or internal combustion engine powered.

Personnel / Burden Carrier - Electric/IC

Personnel carriers are available with either an internal combustion engine or a battery powered electric motor. They are used in indoor smooth floor application and can be equipped with seats for carrying personnel or a platform for carrying tools and goods. They can be found in industrial application and in airports for transferring passengers.

Manlifts - Electric/IC

Manlifts are available in many different configurations. In general they can be classified by the type of power used to move the platform and the type of mechanism used to elevate or extend the work platform. Manlifts come in models that extend and reach to the work area or in vertical lift only models.

Skid Steer Loader - IC

Skid steer loaders are small 4 wheel drive machines and usually equipped with a bucket attachment fitted to the front of the machine. These machines are designed to allow the drive wheels on one side of the machine to be controlled independently from the drive wheels on the other side of the machine. This allows the loader to be highly maneuverable and turn the loader 360 degrees within its own footprint. Skid steer loaders are usually equipped with four drive tires, but newer all terrain versions are available with tracks. These loaders may be found around construction, landscaping projects, or anywhere bulk materials need to be moved.

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